Pakistan Climate is divided into four seasons
- Spring, from March to May
- Summer rainy season from June to September
- Retreating monsoon in October and November
- Winter from December to February.
Temperature in Islamabad, which is the capital city of Pakistan, varies from 2°C in the winter in January to 40°C in June. So the climate of Pakistan can be called to be extreme. The average rainfall during monsoon is about 255 millimeters.
With the exception of the temperate coastal region, most of Pakistan suffers from seasonal extremes of temperature.
From June to September, Pakistan has its monsoon season, with warm weather and heavy rain in some areas. The temperatures drop significantly in December through February, while spring tends to be very warm and dry.
Of course, the Karakoram and Hindu Kush mountain ranges are snowbound for much of the year, due to their high altitudes.
Temperatures even at lower elevations may drop below freezing during the winter, while summer highs of 40°C (104°F) are not uncommon. The record high is 55°C (131°F).
Climate of Pakistan has great regional variation. The difference in temperature between day and night is immensely substantial. The temperature in the southern part goes up to 45°C or even more in the summers. Scanty rainfall makes the place all the more dry and barren. The climate in Pakistan is characterized by hot summers and cold winters. The northern part of Pakistan is generally cold as there exists the snow capped mountains and peaks while the southern part is dry with deserts all around.